On 1 December 1955 Karl Kast, equipped with ‘a revolver, more than 100 rounds of .38 calibre ammunition, a box of detonators and a satchel of home-made piping bombs’ murdered two prominent doctors at their practices on Wickham Terrace, Brisbane. Another doctor was injured and a local horse trainer had two fingers blown off as he saved others from Kast’s home-made bombs.
Kast was born in Bavaria on March 28 1916, and first arrived in Brisbane when he deserted from his employment as a fireman aboard the steamship Halle on 8 July 1939. Kast was subsequently charged with desertion, but as no evidence was offered at his hearing on 25 September, he was discharged. However the next day Kast found himself being interned, as discussed by the National Archives of Australia:
During World War II, Australian authorities established internment camps for three reasons – to prevent residents from assisting Australia’s enemies, to appease public opinion and to house overseas internees sent to Australia for the duration of the war.
Unlike World War I, the initial aim of internment in WWII was to identify and intern those who posed a particular threat to the safety or defence of the country. As the war progressed, however, this policy changed and Japanese residents were interned en masse. In the later years of the war, Germans and Italians were also interned on the basis of nationality, particularly those living in the north of Australia. In all, just over 20 per cent of all Italians resident in Australia were interned.
Australia interned about 7000 residents, including more than 1500 British nationals, during World War II. A further 8000 people were sent to Australia to be interned after being detained overseas by Australia’s allies. At its peak in 1942, more than 12,000 people were interned in Australia.
Kast escaped from his internment camp at Gaythorne, Queensland on 29 December but was recaptured on 2 January 1940. He was then transferred to a Victorian internment camp, from which he escaped and returned to on three separate occasions. On 20 March 1944 Kast was officially released from the camp, working at Alice Springs before returning to Brisbane as a salesman. Kast then moved north to Cairns, where he gained Australian citizenship.
In Cairns Kast had the accident that would serve as the catalyst for his murderous rampage. As reported in the Central Queensland Herald:
[…] on August 10, 1954, Kast slipped and fell against a drain while working at Earlville, Cairns, and had been granted compensation until August 25 […] Kast had sought treatment in Brisbane [for his back] and had returned to Cairns, he was seen in possession of a shotgun, a rifle and ammunition. He told a Cairns man he was going to let a bomb off under the Cairns State Government Insurance Office to bring his back injury under notice.
Tragically on 1 December 1955 Kast’s anger and resentment at his claim for compensation being, in his opinion, ignored led to his murderous rampage. Various witnesses found themselves caught up in the violence, Dr Michael Gallagher’s witness testimony offers an insight into events on that fateful day:
“Shortly before 3pm on Thursday 1 Dec, 1955 I was examining a patient in my examination room and I was standing at the end of the examination couch examining her foot on which I had recently operated. In the room at the time was the girl’s mother and my relieving assistant Mrs Joan Morahan. A door leads from my office into the examination room and I looked up and saw a man whom I did not recognise standing in the room. I was about to speak to him to tell him to wait outside then I noticed a revolver in his hand and he fired. This bullet struck my right forearm or wrist. A second shot was then fired which entered the right side of my chest. As a result of that I gradually fell to the floor of the surgery supporting myself on a table as I fell. Whilst I was on the floor he walked around to where my feet were and fired another shot standing at my feet. This bullet struck me in the right leg. After he fired the first shot, as I did not recognise the man I asked him what was the meaning of such behaviour and I thought he replied ‘It is to do with spies!’ but after subsequent thought I think he replied ‘it is to do with spine.’
Another victim of Kast’s attack was George Boland, a horse trainer who was visiting another doctor’s practice on the day of the shooting:
“After being examined I left his surgery […] I walked down the stairs to the first floor. When I reached the hallway of the first floor leading out into Wickham Terrace I walked into the foyer and I saw a sister and I heard her ‘We will all be burnt to death here.’ I noticed a brown paper parcel burning at one end. There was nobody else there. I proceeded to walk out of the building. On getting halfway out, I decided I would go back and put the fire out, which looked very simple. I walked back and put my foot on the lighted end of the parcel about half a dozen times but could not extinguish the flame. I then picked the parcel up and noticed a stone flower vase in the centre of the room and I was going to put it out in that as it had sand in it. When I picked the parcel up I became very sceptical of it owing to its weight as it was 7 o r8 lbs.
On turning it upside down to put it out after bumping it 2 or 3 times on the bottom of the vase, a round thing slipped out of the brown paper. I then noticed was appeared to be a piece of lead piping of condute about 15 inches long and 3 inches round. I noticed what appeared to be a candle protruding out of it burning. There also appeared to be a bandage beside it saturated with fluid beside it. I broke the candle off then put my hand over the end of it trying to extinguish it as I realised it was a home-made bomb. I was going to leave it there then I put it into my left hand and I was going to throw it out onto the street. I had only taken one step to go out and it exploded about my knees. There was a terrific crash and blinding light and my left eye was closed and my right one almost closed and my hand was blown above my head. I did not realise I had lost two fingers until I saw the blood.”
Kast would kill two people Dr Arthur Vincent Meehan, a sympathetic orthopaedic surgeon who did not back Kast’s compensation claim, and Dr Andrew Russell Murray, the latter of which practiced at Ballow Chambers where Kast’s rampage ended. As the deposition of Constable Quinn describes:
“[…] I looked in the direction of the stairs [within Wickham House] and saw a man dressed in a light coloured safari jacket and darker colour trousers just running from the hallway on to the top of the stairs leading downwards. I now know this man to be Siegfried Karl Kast. I ran down the stairs after him but did not catch sight of him again until I reached the hallway at the foot of the stairs on the ground floor. When I arrived at the hallway I saw Kast running through the swing doors at the Wickham Terrace end of the hallway. He ran out on to Wickham Terrace, and made a left turn. I ran out on to Wickham Terrace after him, and saw him running on the footpath about 50 yards away. I do not recall if he was carrying a leather satchel at the time, but I did see the butt of a revolver sticking out of his right hand side trousers pocket. He continued running and turned into Ballow Chambers. By the time I got to Ballow Chambers he had disappeared. As soon as I entered the ground floor of Ballow Chambers, I entered a doctor’s receptionist room, on the right hand side of the passage way, intending to phone the C.I. Branch, but as I did so, I heard a shot, which I thought came from somewhere on the ground floor.
I ran out on to the hallway, and looked towards the back of the building, but caught no sign of Kast. […] A minute or so later, I heard a loud explosion, which I thought came from somewhere in the building above me. I ran out on to Wickham Terrace, and saw smoke coming from the windows on the first floor and on the corner of Wharf Street. […] I went back into Ballow Chambers, and took up position at the foot of the stairs. Shortly afterwards some members of the Fire Brigade arrived and they were followed almost immediately by some uniformed police.
[…] On arrival at the first floor I saw some firemen and Plain Clothes Constable Best outside the door of Dr. Larhz consulting room. This door was barricaded with chairs and forms and the door itself was closed. The barricades were removed and we entered the room. I saw that the glass of the door leading off the room we were in was smashed. […] we all entered the room. I saw Kast lying on the floor […] the room was in disorder and it was obvious to me that the explosion I had heard earlier had occurred in this room. The office table in the room was badly damaged. Glass from picture frames was strewn about the floor, and glass in the windows was broken. An ambulance bearer had entered the room with us and soon afterwards he and another bearer removed Kast from the room. I did not see the gun until Sergt. Howard picked it up. The gun was a revolver.”
Kast would later die of his self-inflicted wounds in hospital.